“Love of beauty is taste and creation of
beauty is art” says Ralph Waldo Emerson.
It is an unsolved mystery that exactly
when and where was the first carpet
woven or where did this art originated.
However, experts say that the earliest
carpets may have been first produced in
Persia (Iran), Turkmenistan, Central
Asia, Mongolia and China (these places
are often referred to as the “CARPET
Traditionally, Turkish women have woven
carpets of rich colors, warm tones, and
extraordinary patterns with traditional
motifs, which have contributed to the
reputation that Turkish carpets have
maintained since the 13th century.
Carpet means one type of thick fabric
equipped with extra yarn on its
surface-fabric, which is termed as
'Pile'. This pile is produced by the
support of warp yarn or support of weft
yarn. The term was also used for table
and wall coverings.
Carpets are used in households, offices,
hotels, functions, occasions, public
gatherings and many more places to list.
Apart from beautifying the surroundings,
they are prominently used to pronounce
the theme. To satisfy an immensely
varied target market, there exists a
huge range of carpets encircling all
kinds of classifications in carpet
manufacturing. Be it according to type
of fabrics or according to design or
weaving techniques, carpets are
available in various ranges to fulfill
the market demands.
commonly used fibers to make carpets are
wool (warm and durable), silk (most
exotic), jute, some synthetic fibers
like nylon, polyester, olefin, and
acrylic, out of which polyester is
durable of all. Bamboo
carpets and Coir carpets form a
different range of eco-friendly carpets.
select out of almost twice a dozen
designing patterns of carpets. Ranging
from the oldest and plushiest Turkish
and Persian carpet to colorful Kashmiri
carpets, they encircle a variety of
cultural influences inscribed in
Only a broad and vague classification
can be done according to the weaver’s
skill. Generally hand knotted, hand
tufted and hand woven carpets with some
more types constitute this category.
Another category rather a new one is of
Bonded Carpets or ‘Non-Woven’ carpets.
Easy processing, comparatively low cost
and durability are some of the factors
that contribute to their increasing
rugs enhance the beauty of homes or
commercial spaces. Technically, the two
terms are used interchangeably across
the world. For instance, in America a
carpet would mean a floor covering that
applies to wall-to-wall flooring and
rugs are area specific or movable floor
covering used as centerpiece on the
floor. While in India both terms are
used to denote any floor covering.
Until 18th century, carpets were widely
used as table and wall coverings. They
were later invented as floor coverings.
Known to accentuate the theme of a room,
a carpet can be hand-knotted, tufted,
machine made or felt wool. A carpet can
be made from many single or blended
natural and synthetic fibers that may
add more durability and tone up the