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Types of Carpet

 

   “Love of beauty is taste and creation of beauty is art” says Ralph Waldo Emerson.


It is an unsolved mystery that exactly when and where was the first carpet woven or where did this art originated. However, experts say that the earliest carpets may have been first produced in Persia (Iran), Turkmenistan, Central Asia, Mongolia and China (these places are often referred to as the “CARPET BELT”.


Traditionally, Turkish women have woven carpets of rich colors, warm tones, and extraordinary patterns with traditional motifs, which have contributed to the reputation that Turkish carpets have maintained since the 13th century.


Carpet means one type of thick fabric equipped with extra yarn on its surface-fabric, which is termed as 'Pile'. This pile is produced by the support of warp yarn or support of weft yarn. The term was also used for table and wall coverings.


Carpets are used in households, offices, hotels, functions, occasions, public gatherings and many more places to list. Apart from beautifying the surroundings, they are prominently used to pronounce the theme. To satisfy an immensely varied target market, there exists a huge range of carpets encircling all kinds of classifications in carpet manufacturing. Be it according to type of fabrics or according to design or weaving techniques, carpets are available in various ranges to fulfill the market demands.

 

Most commonly used fibers to make carpets are wool (warm and durable), silk (most exotic), jute, some synthetic fibers like nylon, polyester, olefin, and acrylic, out of which polyester is durable of all. Bamboo carpets and Coir carpets form a different range of eco-friendly carpets.

 

One can select out of almost twice a dozen designing patterns of carpets. Ranging from the oldest and plushiest Turkish and Persian carpet to colorful Kashmiri carpets, they encircle a variety of cultural influences inscribed in designs.
Only a broad and vague classification can be done according to the weaver’s skill. Generally hand knotted, hand tufted and hand woven carpets with some more types constitute this category.


Another category rather a new one is of Bonded Carpets or ‘Non-Woven’ carpets. Easy processing, comparatively low cost and durability are some of the factors that contribute to their increasing popularity.
Carpets and rugs enhance the beauty of homes or commercial spaces. Technically, the two terms are used interchangeably across the world. For instance, in America a carpet would mean a floor covering that applies to wall-to-wall flooring and rugs are area specific or movable floor covering used as centerpiece on the floor. While in India both terms are used to denote any floor covering.


Until 18th century, carpets were widely used as table and wall coverings. They were later invented as floor coverings. Known to accentuate the theme of a room, a carpet can be hand-knotted, tufted, machine made or felt wool. A carpet can be made from many single or blended natural and synthetic fibers that may add more durability and tone up the appearance.

 The various types of carpets available can be classified as under:-

On the basis of fiber
On the basis of designs
On the basis of weaving techniques

 
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