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 Types of Carpet >> Fabrics >> Silk Carpets

Silk is a fine protein fiber formed by various insect larvae as construction substance for cocoons and webs. Across cultures and nations, it has been a much prized organic fiber used for weaving. Silk has been widely used in various art forms like apparels, painting, tapestries, and carpet weaving. The name ‘silk’ is derived from Middle English (sourced from Old English seolc, sioluc, probably ultimately from Greek sērikos silken). A part of the process called sericulture; it was originally produced since ancient times. However, records say that China practiced silk manufacture for thousands of years and kept it a trade secret for monopoly. Nonetheless, this ultra-soft organic fiber has been an inevitable part of the carpet weaving industry. Silk carpets are an epitome of luxury, irrespective of borders.

On a specially prepared paper, the Bombyx Mori insects hatch eggs that come along as caterpillars. As the caterpillars frenziedly feed on mulberry leaves, they become ready to spin cocoons. The caterpillars start spinning and awe-inspiringly, within two-three days, spin about 1 mile of strand. The air around solidifies the silk cocoon. Finally, the cocoons are boiled to extract the fiber. The heat kills the insects. As the filaments soften, the fiber is unwound to obtain a continuous thread. Later, it is spun as yarn twisted together to provide strength.

Silk carpets are an emblem of popular Oriental Carpets in the world. Silk production has spread from China to India. Among silk producing countries like China, Iran, Thailand, etc., India stands second in the most raw silk production. Most of all, Iranian carpets reflect elegance, beauty, and comfort. Nevertheless, seemingly endless forms of silk carpets with varied styles of weaving and unique knot count come up as wonderful specimens of silk carpets and rugs.

Strikingly brilliant silk fiber provides a deluxe touch and value to carpets woven with hand. Apart from its comfort extravaganza to buyers, silk carpets possess a smooth yet non-slippery texture. It is one of the strongest natural fibers. However, its strength decreases when wet. Therefore, silk carpets are not suitable for moist places. In addition, the sheen of the fiber is due to its distinctive prism-like structure. This property of silk makes it suitable for making carpets, wall-hangings, rugs, beddings, etc.

Being actively static, silk carpets are hypoallergenic. This natural fiber is defensive to mold, mildew growth, and shun fungus growth. Since they are just soaked in water, the protective characteristics of silk threads are not destroyed.

More Types of Fabric Carpets

Bamboo Carpets
Coir Carpets
Jute carpets

Wool Carpets
Staple or Synthetic Carpets

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